Planetary and Solar System STEAM Activities

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Activity

1. Solar system card (with free printable)

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Source: Research Parent

2. Constellation tube

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Source: Momma Owl’s Lab

3. Constellation Lacing cards

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Source: Kids Activities Blog

4. Solar system flip book

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Source: An Art Family

5. Moon phase wheel

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Source: Krieger Science

6. Moon clock

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Source: US Sidewalk Astronomers

7. Moon crater

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Source: I heart crafty things

8. Trading card game (free printable)

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Source: Amazing Space

9. Moon phases book (digital download)

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Source: Free Homeschool Deals

10. Moon phases flipbook (free download)

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Source: Deceptively Educational

11. Moon phases card game (free download)

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Source: Deceptively Educational

12. Moon phase puzzle

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Source: What we do all day

13. DIY Moon phase viewer

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Source: Ehow.com

Planetary/ Solar System Model

14. Playdough

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Source: A little pinch of perfect

15. Distance chart

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Source: Messyjofu

16. Mobile

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Source: Crafts and Coffee

Sun-earth-moon Model

17. Science Alive

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Source: Science Alive

18. Enchanted Learning

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Source: Enchanted Learning

19. NASA

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Source: NASA

20. Toys from Trash

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Source: Toys from Trash

Moon phases Model

21. Paper plates

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Source: Mrs Parzych’s Kindergarten

22. Oreo Moon phases

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Source: Science Bob

Colouring pages printable

Best Colouring pages for kids

Super colouring

5 Activities for respiratory sytem

 

respiratory
Source: BBC Bitesize

1. Model Making

Introduce the parts of respiratory system by making a model using straws of different sizes and Q-tips. Large size straws using straw from bubble tea, regular straw and a narrow straw, such as those for hot coffee (but don’t forget to cut it through the middle).

respiratory system
Model of respiratory system using straws

Start with the bubble tea straw to represent trachea, then regular straws to represent bronchi, coffee straws as bronchiols and finally the cotton end of Q-tips as alveoli (similar to the sac-like shape of alveoli). What you’ve done is a model to represent the passageway of air as you breath in and out.

Use of analogy
You can also compare this to the road system, for example…
Trachea ≈Expressway
Bronchi ≈ Exit of expressway (unlike expressway with multiple exits, there are only 2 bronchi in our body)
Bronchiole ≈Regular roads (branches off to streets and avenues, similar to branching observed in bronchiole)
Alveoli ≈ Carpark (loading and unloading taking place in carpark is similar to gaseous exchange taking place in alveoli)

2. Model of lungs

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Source: Science Sparks

What’s the science behind it?
When you pull down the knotted balloon, it increases the volume in the bottle, which lowers the pressure. As the environment has high pressure than the model, air rush in (because air moves from high to low pressure), hence inflating the balloon in the bottle. As the knotted balloon is released, volume in the bottle decreases, hence pressure increases. Hence, air moves out from the balloon and it deflates.

How similar is the model to lungs?

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Source: Hyper Physics

The knotted balloon in the model represents the diaphragm. Diaphragm is dome-shaped muscles located below the lungs. Its rhythmic contraction and relaxation results in breathing. Pulling down the knotted balloon is similar to diaphragm contracting. When the diaphragm contracts, it moves downwards, increasing volume of chest cavity.

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Source: Online Sources

When the knotted balloon is released, it represents relaxation of diaphragm. The diaphragm moves upwards when it relaxes, decreasing the volume of chest cavity.

4. Chest measurement

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Source: Vlinder

During inhalation, chest moves upwards and forward as it expands.

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Source: Ekshiksha

Grab a measuring tape to do a simple activity with your child. Lets compare the measurement of chest during inhalation and exhalation. Your child can compare the measurement and you can use this results to link to concepts of breathing. Also, let your child to do it on friends and family members too to inculcate scientific skills such measurement and communicating data.. You can use template here to record the results.

template chest measurement acitivity
Click to download template

Extension (for 10 years old above)
Make it into project for your child as he/she do the measurement on friends and family members. Extend it for your child to make it into a report or poster to incorporate science skills and elements of STEAM.

template poster for chest measurement acitivity
Click to download template

Incorporation of STEAM (where applicable)
Science skills: measurement, recording results, communicating data into table/graph
Technology: Use of Powerpoint to make poster/report
Art: Design of poster/report
Math: Use of table, comparison of data

Not sure how to start? Grab the template here!

5. Measuring breathing rate

Here’s another idea for a science project. Why not compare the breathing rate for various activities?

template breathing rate acitivity
Click to download template

To determine breathing rate, count for each time you breathe in for 1 minute.

Through this activity, you can introduce the concept that breathing rate increases during strenuous activity.

Science behind it
During physical activity, such as running, the muscle cells need more energy. Breathing rate increases to transport oxygen at a faster rate to cells to increase the rate of respiration, hence release more energy.